A randomized trial of adding insulin glargine vs. avoidance of insulin in people with Type 2 diabetes on either no oral glucose-lowering agents or submaximal doses of metformin and/or sulphonylureas. The Canadian INSIGHT (Implementing New Strategies with

Gerstein, H C; Yale, J-F; Harris, S B; Issa, M; Stewart, J A; Dempsey, E
Diabetic medicine : a journal of the British Diabetic Association; 2006 Jul;23(7):736-42. PMID: 16842477
Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism and the Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University and Hamilton Health Sciences, Ontario, Canada.


AIMS: Insulin is generally withheld until people with Type 2 diabetes are unresponsive to other therapies. However, its potential advantages suggest that it could be added earlier to achieve glycaemic goals; this possibility was tested in a clinical trial. METHODS: Consenting adults aged 18-80 years with Type 2 diabetes for at least 6 months, HbA1c of 7.5-11%, and on 0, 1 or 2 oral agents, were randomized to one of two therapeutic approaches for 24 weeks: evening insulin glargine plus self-titration by 1 unit/day if the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was > 5.5 mmol/l; or conventional therapy with physician adjustment of oral glucose-lowering agents if capillary FPG levels were > 5.5 mmol/l. The primary outcome was the first achievement of two consecutive HbA1c levels