Diabetes care; 4(3):366-76. PMID: 7047113
AbstractNormal fasting subjects received regular insulin and mixtures of regular with NPH or lente to assess the effects of the combinations on serum insulin concentrations (SIC) and blood glucose responses (BGR). In addition, the influence of concentration, depth, and method and site of administration was investigated. In studies of mixtures of regular with NPH and with lente, it was observed that the regular: lente ratio needed to achieve peak SIC was higher than with the regular: NPH combination. Increased SIC, including either the peak and/or the time interval required to achieve the peak, were related to the depth and site (deltoid and abdominal greater than anterior thigh or buttocks). Assuming linear kinetics of absorption, significant quantities of insulin fail to reach the serum. Marked intra- and intersubject variations in SIC and BGR to regular, NPH, and lente insulins were observed.